Want to add content to your CLE course but are not sure where to start? Below is a list of items that can be added to a CLE course by managers, instructors, and course staff to facilitate online learning and assessment at UCSF.



A Resource is an item that faculty and/or course staff can use to support learning, such as a file or link. The CLE supports a range of resource types which teachers can add to their courses.


An Activity is typically used to assess students’ learning in a CLE course. Usually an activity is something that a student will attempt that interacts with other students, faculty, and/or course staff.

See the full list of CLE Resources and Activities below!


CLE Resources

The Page Resource

Use cases: displaying content, displaying images and charts

A page resource creates a link to a screen that displays the content created by the teacher. The robust Text editor allows the page to display many different kinds of content such as plain text, images, audio, video, embedded code or a combination of all these.

In certain cases it might be preferable to use the page resource instead of uploading a word-processed document, particularly if the document contains text that is just to be read and not downloaded.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Book Resource

Use cases: design syllabus, design course reader, create FAQ resource, organize a lot of content

The Book module makes it easy to create multi-page resources with a book-like format. Previously created websites can be imported directly into the Book module. Books can be printed entirely or by chapter.

The book module allows you to have main chapters and sub chapters, but it goes no deeper. In other words, sub chapters cannot have their own sub chapters, as the module is intended to be a simple resource for teachers and students.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Label Resource

Use cases: improving the user interface and design of the course, adding whitespace, adding navigation markers, adding multimedia

A label serves as a spacer on a Moodle course page. It can be used to add text, images, multimedia, or code in between other resources in the different sections. It is a very versatile resource and can help to improve the appearance of a course if used thoughtfully. Banners or descriptions may be added to labels to distinguish between and highlight different areas. Over-use of multimedia (sound, video) in labels can slow down the loading of a course page

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Folder Resource

Use cases: uploading and sharing multiple files of the same or different types

A folder allows a teacher to display several course resources together. The resources may be of different types and they may be uploaded in one go, as a zipped folder, which is then unzipped, or they may be added one at a time to an empty folder on the course page. When the folder icon is clicked, the resources it contains are displayed for the student. Using a folder to display resources is neater than displaying files one by one in a list. It takes up less space on the course page.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The URL Resource

Use cases: sharing websites, sharing online resources, sharing online files, pointing to other UCSF webpages

A URL is a link on the internet to a website or online file. Teachers can use the URL resource to provide their students with web links for research, saving the student time and effort in manually typing out the address. The URLS can be displayed in various ways, like opening in a new window so a student can access and use the URL, close it and return easily to their original Moodle course page.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The File Resource

Use cases: sharing documents and PowerPoints, sharing PDFs, sharing any file type

When you wish to share with your students a simple file such as a Word-processed document or slideshow (e.g. created in MS Word, Powerpoint, or Open Office) you use the file resource type. It allows you to upload and display a variety of resources on your course. Note also that they will only be able to open your files, if they have the appropriate software on their own computers.

Link to Moodle Documentation

CLE Activities

The Chat Activity

Use cases: real time chatting, groups not being able to meet face to face, regular meetings, faculty staying in touch with students

The chat activity module allows participants to have a real-time synchronous discussion in a Moodle course. This is a useful way to get a different understanding of each other and the topic being discussed – the mode of using a chat room is quite different from the asynchronous forums. The Chat module contains a number of features for managing and reviewing chat discussions.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Assignment Activity

Use cases: collecting work like case studies and reports, provide grades and feedback

The assignment module allows teachers to collect work from students, review it, and provide feedback including grades. The work a student submits is visible only to the teacher and not to other students. Assignments allow for due dates that automatically appear on a CLE Calendar and the grades are automatically entered as items in the CLE Grade book.

Students can submit any digital content (files), including, word-processed documents, spreadsheets, images, audio, and video clips. Assignments don’t necessarily have to consist of file uploads. Alternatively, teachers can ask students to type directly into a text field in Moodle. Or they can ask student to do both, upload a file or files and type text directly into Moodle. An assignment activity can also be set up to not accept any student submissions and serve as a reminder to students of a ‘real-world’ assignment they need to complete and to record grades in Moodle for activities that don’t have an online component.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Forum Activity

Use cases: Fostering community, introductions to the rest of the class, Q&A for problem solving, interviews, debates, role-playing, FAQs

The Forum module is an activity where students and teachers can exchange ideas by posting comments. Forum posts can be graded by the teacher or other students. Moodle Forums allow subscriptions to forum posts. A Forum can contribute significantly to successful communication and community building in an online environment.

The CLE has four kinds of Forums, each with a slightly difference layout and purpose:

A standard forum for general use, A single simple discussion, Each person posts on discussion, and Question and Answer forum.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Quiz Activity

Use cases: Mid-terms and final exams, self-assessment, knowledge check, practice tests

The Quiz activity module allows the teacher to design and build quizzes consisting of a large variety of question types, including multiple choice, true-false, short answer, essay, and matching questions. The Quiz module uses a question bank that allows sharing of questions across the course or the Moodle site.

Quizzes can be configured to allow multiple attempts. Each attempt at a question is automatically marked, and the teacher can choose whether to give feedback and/or show the correct answers. Questions and answers can be shuffled.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Lesson Activity

Use cases: Introducing new content and providing knowledge checks, provide an adaptive branching activity based on the students prior knowledge

The Lesson tool is very structured. It presents a series of HTML pages to the student who is usually asked to make some sort of choice underneath the content area. The choice will send them to a specific page in the Lesson. In a Lesson page’s simplest form, the student can select a continue button at the bottom of the page, which will send them to the next page in the Lesson.

There are two basic Lesson page types that the student will see: question pages and content pages. There are also several advanced navigational pages, which can meet more specialized needs of the Teacher. The Lesson module was designed to be adaptive and to use a student’s choices to create a self directed lesson.

The main difference between a Lesson and other activity modules available in Moodle comes from its adaptive ability. With this tool, each choice the student makes can show a different teacher response/comment and send the student to a different page in the lesson. Thus with planning, the Lesson module can customize the presentation of content and questions to each student with no further action required by the teacher.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Workshop Activity

Use cases: peer assessment on open-ended assignments such as essays, research papers, or videos, self-assessments, uploading good and bad examples of an assignment for students to practice critiquing, continuous feedback process for iterative writing,

Workshop is a peer assessment activity with many options. Students submit their work via an online text tool and attachments. There are two grades for a student: their own work and their peer assessments of other students’ work. There are many options that can make this educational tool vary in complexity. The key to the workshop is the scoring guide, which is a set of specific criteria for making judgments about the quality of a given work.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The SCORM Package Activity

Use cases: uploading a learning objective with SCORM specifications, uploading an activity for which you want to track the data

SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) is a collection of specifications that enable interoperability, accessibility and reusability of web-based learning content. SCORM is a set of technical standards for e-learning software products. SCORM tells programmers how to write their code so that it can “play well” with other e-learning software.

Articulate presentation files with Quizzes in them can be published with a SCORM output, so that you can track user data and grades.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The OU Blog

Use cases: providing updates on course information, journal entries, practicum learnings, group work report outs

With the OU blogs, you can have course-wide blogs (everyone in the course posts to the same blog), group blogs, or individual blogs; the latter are useful for assessed activities (where the student is supposed to keep a journal which only they and their tutor can read).

When using for personal blogs, one feature of interest may be moderated public comments; when you allow comments from people who are not logged in, all such comments are moderated.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The OU Wiki

Use cases: Combining student lecture notes, group project management, recording research, developing outlines, brainstorming

Wikis get their name from the Hawaiian term “wiki wiki,” which means “very fast.” A wiki is indeed a fast method for creating content as a group. It’s a hugely popular format on the Web for creating documents as a group. There is usually no central editor of a wiki, no single person who has final editorial control. Instead, the community edits and develops its own content. Consensus views emerge from the work of many people on a document.

In Moodle, wikis can be a powerful tool for collaborative work. The entire class can edit a document together, creating a class product, or each student can have their own wiki and work on it with you and their classmates.

The key intention of the OU wiki is to provide a simple teaching tool suitable for
student use with minimal required training. It is in no way intended to be a full-fledged wiki like MediaWiki. For example, there is no wiki syntax except for links with two square brackets.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Wiki Activity

Use cases: Combining student lecture notes, group project management, recording research, developing outlines, brainstorming

A wiki is a collection of collaboratively authored web documents. Basically, a wiki page is a web page everyone in your class can create together, right in the browser, without needing to know HTML. A wiki starts with one front page. Each author can add other pages to the wiki by simply creating a link to a page that doesn’t exist yet.

Wikis get their name from the Hawaiian term “wiki wiki,” which means “very fast.” A wiki is indeed a fast method for creating content as a group. It’s a hugely popular format on the Web for creating documents as a group. There is usually no central editor of a wiki, no single person who has final editorial control. Instead, the community edits and develops its own content. Consensus views emerge from the work of many people on a document.

In Moodle, wikis can be a powerful tool for collaborative work. The entire class can edit a document together, creating a class product, or each student can have their own wiki and work on it with you and their classmates.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Choice Activity

Use cases: Ask students their thoughts on a subject to kick start the content, asking how well participants understand the material, students self selecting into groups, user agreements

A choice activity is very simple – the teacher asks a question and specifies a choice of multiple responses. Only one question is allowed, but many answers are possible. It can be useful as a quick poll to stimulate thinking about a topic; to allow the class to vote on a direction for the course; or to gather research consent. Limits can be set on each answer and you can select whether to publish the results or not.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Feedback Activity

Use cases: Evaluating a course, signing up for events, anonymously highlight use of cheating or unethical behavior, survey on what topics more time should be spent on in the classroom

The Feedback module allows you to create and conduct surveys to collect feedback. Unlike the Survey tool it allows you to write your own questions, rather than choose from a list of pre-written questions and unlike the Quiz tool, you can create non-graded questions. The Feedback activity is ideal for the likes of course or teacher evaluations.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Questionnaire Activity

Use cases: Advanced surveys, getting student feedback, course evaluations

The Moodle Questionnaire module is a survey-like type of activity. It allows teachers to create a wide range of questions to get student feedback like on a course or activities. The goals of the Questionnaire module are different from those of the other Moodle modules: Quiz, Survey, and Feedback. With Questionnaire you do not test or assess the student like in Quiz, you gather data. The Survey module only allows for preset questions and Questionnaire allows for more advanced surveys than Feedback allows.

The types of questions are:

  • Check Boxes
  • Date Box
  • Dropdown choices
  • Essay box – HTML editor possible, set width and height of box
  • Numeric – can set length and number of decimal places
  • Radio buttons – have labels you determine for each question
  • Scale – can customize in many ways
  • Text box
  • Yes/no

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Survey Activity

Use cases: assessing student experience in the online course

The Survey module is a course activity that provides a number of verified survey instruments, including COLLES (Constructivist On-Line Learning Environment Survey) and ATTLS (Attitudes to Thinking and Learning Survey), which have been found useful in assessing and stimulating learning in online environments. Teachers can use these to gather data from their students that will help them learn about their class and reflect on their own teaching.

The COLLES and ATTLS questions are five-point scales that range in responses from Almost Always to Almost Never. These results are reported in graphical form when you view them. The Critical Incidents survey is a free-response survey where students must type their answers. You can see what students have typed for each answer.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The IMS Content Package Resource

Use cases: uploading a learning object built with IMS specifications

IMS is a body, which helps define technical standards for various things, including e-learning material. The IMS Content Packaging specification makes it possible to store chunks of material in a standard format which can be re-used in different systems, without having to convert the material into new formats.

The IMS content package in Moodle enables such content packages to be uploaded and included in Moodle courses. There are various options for displaying content in a pop-up window, with a navigation menu or buttons, etc.

The main difference is that IMS is mainly for “static” content – SCORM allows tracking of question/answers and reports a “grade” at the end. If you want to do any tracking/grading then use SCORM – if you just want to display some content to the user – use IMS.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Certificate Activity

Use cases: showing recognition, certifying course completion, student, staff, or faculty awards

The Certificate module creates PDF certificates/diplomas for students of the course and is completely customizable. You can add borders, watermarks, seals, and even show grade information.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Database Activity

Use cases: Building a collection of internet links, building a collection of journal references, collect student-created work for peer review, maintain a log of what was done in the face to face classroom, collection of resources

The database activity module is very flexible and allows the teacher and/or students to build, display, and search a bank of record entries about any topic. The format and structure of these entries can be almost unlimited, including images, files, URLs, numbers and text amongst other things. A database is searchable and comments may be allowed.

Link to Moodle Documentation

The Glossary Activity

Use cases: Student add entries as they encounter unfamiliar terms, each member of the class could be assigned to contribute a term or entry on a topic, student biographies

The glossary activity module allows participants to create and maintain a list of definitions, like a dictionary. The entries can be searched or browsed in different formats. A glossary can be a collaborative activity for students or be restricted to entries made only by the teacher. Entries can be put in categories.

The auto-linking feature will highlight any word in the course, which is located in the glossary. Encyclopedia format allows for pictures in the entries. Comments may also be allowed. There are several different formats, including Continuous Without Author, Encyclopedia, Entry List, FAQ, Full Without Author, Full With Author, and Simple, dictionary style.

Link to Moodle Documentation